Glossary

Age
The length of time that a person has lived or a thing has existed. Synonyms: number of years, lifetime, duratio

Belief
An acceptance that something exists or is true, especially one without proof. Trust, faith, or confidence in (someone or something).

BME
Short for ‘Black and Minority Ethnic’. Anyone from a non-white or non-UK background.

Civil Partnership             
A legally recognized union of a same-sex couple, with rights similar to those of marriage.

Disability            
A physical or mental condition that has a long term, adverse effect upon a person’s movements, senses, or activities.

Discrimination
Recognition and understanding of the difference between one thing and another. The unjust or prejudicial treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of a protected characteristic.

Equality
The state of being equal, especially in status, rights, or opportunities. “An organization aiming to promote racial equality”

Synonyms: fairness, justness, equitability, impartiality, even-handedness, egalitarianism, equal rights, equal opportunities, non-discrimination;

Ethnicity
The fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.

Fairness
Having or exhibiting a disposition that is free of favouritism or bias; impartial. Just to all parties; equitable

Gender Reassignment 
The process whereby a person’s physical sexual characteristics are changed by means of medical procedures such as surgery or hormone treatment.

Genuine Occupational Qualification/Requirement        
In very limited circumstances, if you can show that someone with a particular protected characteristic is central to a particular job, then you can insist that only someone who has that particular protected characteristic is suitable for the job.

Inclusion            
The action or state of including or of being included within a group or structure.

Synonyms: incorporation, addition, insertion

Politically Correct           
A term that refers to language, ideas, or policies that address perceived or actual discrimination against or alienation of politically, socially or economically disadvantaged groups. The term usually implies that these social considerations are excessive or of a purely “political” nature.

Positive Action
A way of trying to counteract deep-rooted or historic disadvantage by providing under-represented or disadvantaged groups with help to ensure they have the same chances as others.

Protected Characteristics            
These are the grounds upon which discrimination is unlawful. The characteristics are: age, disability, gender reassignment, marriage and civil partnership, pregnancy and maternity, race, religion or belief, sex and sexual orientation.

Public Sector    
The part of an economy that consists of state-owned institutions, including nationalized industries and services provided by local authorities.

Race
Each of the major divisions of humankind, having distinct physical characteristics. The fact or condition of belonging to a racial division or group; the qualities or characteristics associated with this. A group of people sharing the same culture, history, language, etc.; an ethnic group

Sexual Orientation        
A person’s sexual identity in relation to the gender to which they are attracted; the fact of being heterosexual, homosexual, or bisexual (straight, gay/lesbian or bisexual).

Victimisation    
Means subjecting a person to some form of detriment because he or she has:

Lodged a complaint of discrimination or harassment

Provided information or documents regarding a complaint

Attended a conciliation conference at the Commission

attended a compulsory conciliation at the Victorian Civil and Administrative Tribunal (VCAT)  reasonably asserted their rights, or supported someone else’s rights, under anti-discrimination laws  refused to discriminate against another person, victimise or sexually harass them

Made an allegation that a person has acted unlawfully under anti-discrimination laws brought any proceeding under the Equality Act (2010).

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